Following the annual Postgraduate Showcase Conference in February 2019, I was invited to turn my poster presentation into a paper to submit to E|mporium, which is the University of Lincoln’s postgraduate interdisciplinary journal. I immediately began to write my first draft, which my supervisor very kindly provided useful feedback on. I finalised and submitted the paper in March 2019 and then underwent the peer review process. In August 2019 paper was accepted with minor revisions, which were to include a methodology section as the journal is interdisciplinary. The paper was then published online in October 2019.

The paper provides a very basic overview of my PhD thesis which is titled “Third World Approaches to International Law: The Responsibility to Protect and Regional Organisations”.  Essentially, the paper argues that the responsibility to protect (R2P) being administered / authorised by the United Nations Security Council is too selective, excludes the Third World from decision making and uses its power to veto to the detriment of States in crisis. Therefore, the paper (and my thesis) proposes to allow R2P to be administered by regional organisations, owing to their comparative advantages such as proximity to conflict, ability to detect conflict at early stages as it emerges within the region as well as including the Third World voice in the decision making processes. It is argued (in the paper and thesis) that regional organisations could legally intervene within the parameters of their own region, providing that they made the relevant constitutional arrangements for this, or through ex post facto application of Article 53 of the Charter of the United Nations. Finally, this research applies a Third World Approach to International Law (TWAIL) throughout. TWAIL operates on a philosophy of suspicion, which enables it to adopt a critical stance on international law by pushing boundaries to expose injustice. TWAIL is useful in the context of this research as it assists in identifying the colonial origins of R2P as well as imperialism which exists in both law and policy within this area.

Submitting through E|mporium was a friendly and supportive process. It was useful to gain some insight and experience into how the peer review process works too. It was also fun (although somewhat stressful) trying to reword elements of my research so that it could be read in an accessible way by anyone and not just those who have studied law. I think if there are any postgraduate research students at Lincoln thinking about submitting some work to E|mporium, it is definitely a worthwhile thing to do during your time here!

The full paper is free to download and available here: